Malaria is an ancient, common tropical disease that is very fatal. It is spread by certain kinds of mosquitoes. Symptoms of malaria include joint pain, flashes of fever, and nausea. These symptoms can be cured, but the disease comes back again. In Africa people have up to forty round of malaria in their lifetime. Malaria virus known as Plasmodian falciparum that dates back to as far as several million years ago, but it didn’t started effecting humans until about 10,000 years ago. Malaria has been described in medical records from ancient China, India, and Greece. Word “malaria” comes from two Italian words for “bad air”: Mal “bad” Aria “air”. Because people in ancient times believe that the virus is coming from poisonous vapor in the air around swamps and lakes. People who lived near swamps and lakes are more prone to the disease. The Romans had the most success trying to get rid of the malaria, they drained large swamp areas around the city where malaria lived and bred.
CAUSES: Malaria is transmitted by female mosquitoes that carry the parasite in their body. Once the mosquito bites a person it injects small amount of saliva into the person’s bloodstream. The saliva contains the parasite and it travels through the bloodstream into the person’s liver where it reproduces. Once it leaves the liver into goes back into the bloodstream and that’s when the symptoms start to show.